Android分别使用HTTP协议和TCP协议实现上传文件

Android分别使用HTTP协议和TCP协议实现上传文件

Android上传文件有两种方式,第一种是基于Http协议的HttpURLConnection,第二种是基于TCP协议的Socket。 这两种方式的区别是使用HttpURLConnection上传时内部有缓存机制,如果上传较大文件会导致内存溢出。如果用TCP协议Socket方式上传就会解决这种弊端。

HTTP协议HttpURLConnection

1. 通过URL封装路径打开一个HttpURLConnection

2.设置请求方式以及头字段:Content-Type、Content-Length、Host

3.拼接数据发送

示例:

private static final String BOUNDARY = “—————————7db1c523809b2”;//数据分割线

public boolean uploadHttpURLConnection(String username, String password, String path) throws Exception {
//找到sdcard上的文件
File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), path);
//仿Http协议发送数据方式进行拼接
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.append(“–” + BOUNDARY + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\”username\”” + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“\r\n”);
sb.append(username + “\r\n”);

sb.append(“–” + BOUNDARY + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\”password\”” + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“\r\n”);
sb.append(password + “\r\n”);

sb.append(“–” + BOUNDARY + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\”file\”; filename=\”” + path + “\”” + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“Content-Type: image/pjpeg” + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“\r\n”);

byte[] before = sb.toString().getBytes(“UTF-8”);
byte[] after = (“\r\n–” + BOUNDARY + “–\r\n”).getBytes(“UTF-8”);

URL url = new URL(“http://192.168.1.16:8080/14_Web/servlet/LoginServlet”);
HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
conn.setRequestMethod(“POST”);
conn.setRequestProperty(“Content-Type”, “multipart/form-data; boundary=” + BOUNDARY);
conn.setRequestProperty(“Content-Length”, String.valueOf(before.length + file.length() + after.length));
conn.setRequestProperty(“HOST”, “192.168.1.16:8080”);
conn.setDoOutput(true);

OutputStream out = conn.getOutputStream();
InputStream in = new FileInputStream(file);

out.write(before);

byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
int len;
while ((len = in.read(buf)) != -1)
out.write(buf, 0, len);

out.write(after);

in.close();
out.close();
return conn.getResponseCode() == 200;
}
TCP协议Socket

1.我们可以使用Socket发送TCP请求,将上传数据分段发送

示例:

public boolean uploadBySocket(String username, String password, String path) throws Exception {
// 根据path找到SDCard中的文件
File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), path);
// 组装表单字段和文件之前的数据
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

sb.append(“–” + BOUNDARY + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\”username\”” + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“\r\n”);
sb.append(username + “\r\n”);

sb.append(“–” + BOUNDARY + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\”password\”” + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“\r\n”);
sb.append(password + “\r\n”);

sb.append(“–” + BOUNDARY + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\”file\”; filename=\”” + path + “\”” + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“Content-Type: image/pjpeg” + “\r\n”);
sb.append(“\r\n”);

// 文件之前的数据
byte[] before = sb.toString().getBytes(“UTF-8”);
// 文件之后的数据
byte[] after = (“\r\n–” + BOUNDARY + “–\r\n”).getBytes(“UTF-8”);

URL url = new URL(“http://192.168.1.199:8080/14_Web/servlet/LoginServlet”);

// 由于HttpURLConnection中会缓存数据, 上传较大文件时会导致内存溢出, 所以我们使用Socket传输
Socket socket = new Socket(url.getHost(), url.getPort());
OutputStream out = socket.getOutputStream();
PrintStream ps = new PrintStream(out, true, “UTF-8”);

// 写出请求头
ps.println(“POST /14_Web/servlet/LoginServlet HTTP/1.1”);
ps.println(“Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=” + BOUNDARY);
ps.println(“Content-Length: ” + String.valueOf(before.length + file.length() + after.length));
ps.println(“Host: 192.168.1.199:8080”);

InputStream in = new FileInputStream(file);

// 写出数据
out.write(before);

byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
int len;
while ((len = in.read(buf)) != -1)
out.write(buf, 0, len);

out.write(after);

in.close();
out.close();

return true;
}

 

搭建服务器,完成上传功能

package cn.test.web.servlet;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItem;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItemFactory;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.disk.DiskFileItemFactory;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.servlet.ServletFileUpload;

public class LoginServlet extends HttpServlet {

private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

@Override
public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
doPost(request, response);
}

@Override
public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
boolean isMultipart = ServletFileUpload.isMultipartContent(request);
if (isMultipart)
try {
FileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
List<FileItem> items = upload.parseRequest(request);
File dir = new File(request.getSession().getServletContext().getRealPath(“/WEB-INF/upload”));
//创建目录
dir.mkdir();
for (FileItem item : items)
if (item.isFormField())
System.out.println(item.getFieldName() + “: ” + item.getString());
else{
item.write(new File(dir,item.getName().substring(item.getName().lastIndexOf(“\\”)+1)));
}
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
else {
System.out.println(request.getMethod());
System.out.println(request.getParameter(“username”));
System.out.println(request.getParameter(“password”));
}
}
}

原文:http://blog.csdn.net/furongkang/article/details/6838450

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